New Brunswick Tribune

Wednesday, December 1, 2021

The latest COP26 deal stresses the goal for a “just transition” off from fossil fuels

Key sentence:

  • The president of the UN climate summit in Glasgow stressed that phasing out coal was still part of the accord wording. 

As negotiators looked through new suggestions Saturday aimed at strengthening the world’s efforts to combat global warming, the president of the UN climate summit in Glasgow stressed that phasing out coal was still part of the accord wording.

“We’ve always wanted this to be a high-aspiration COP, as I’ve stated. That’s what I heard in the plenary yesterday, and I’m hoping my colleagues can rise to the challenge. “As he arrived at the conference location, Alok Sharma, the president of COP26, stated.

After encouraging delegates from nearly 200 countries late Friday to get some rest as the official deadline expired, British officials chairing the negotiations presented additional draught agreements on Saturday.

A draught proposal for the overarching decision includes contentious language urging countries to speed up “efforts toward the phase-out of unabated coal power and inefficient fossil fuel subsidies.”

However, the language now states that governments will recognise “the need for support towards a just transition” – a reference to calls for financial assistance from individuals working in the fossil fuel industry as they wind down jobs and enterprises.

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Extra time is set for discussions.

The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Boris Johnson, stated that he believes “an ambitious solution is in sight” during the discussions, which have now gone into a third day following two weeks of talks.

Some campaign groups have stated that the existing measures are insufficient.

“The world’s poorest countries are in danger of being lost from view here in Glasgow,” said Tracy Carty of Oxfam. “But the next few hours can and must change the direction we are on.” “What is on the table is still insufficient.”

Reducing emissions in a shorter time frame

According to another suggestion, countries are “encouraged” to submit fresh emission reduction targets for 2035 by 2025 and 2040 by 2030, establishing a five-year cycle. Developing countries were previously only expected to do so every ten years.

According to the proposed agreement, countries will need to make “rapid, deep, and sustained reductions in global greenhouse gas emissions, such as reducing global carbon dioxide emissions by 45 % by 2030 relative to 2010 levels and also to net-zero around mid-century, as well as deep reductions in other greenhouse emissions” to meet the 2015 Paris Agreement’s ambitious goal of capping global warming at 1.5 degrees Celsius over the end of the century compared to pre-industrial times.

According to scientists, the globe is still on track to accomplish that target but vows made before and during the negotiations have brought them closer.

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